Diseases Associated With Drinking Water Contaminants

Diseases Associated With Drinking Water Contaminants

Last Updated: October 27, 2021

Did you know that drinking water contaminants can affect your health?

According to a survey conducted by NSF, 71% of people drink tap water out of which 42% don’t bother filtering their drinking water and 35% don’t even look for information to know if the water they are drinking is safe. 

The surging diseases associated with exposure to contaminants in the water supply, as detected by the NSF are alarming.

If you among those people who are ignorant of the contaminants in drinking water then this article is for you. 

In this article, we have discussed 12 common types of contaminants in water that can be easily removed with faucet water filters.

These water filter faucets are very easy to install without the help of a plumber or technician. 

Treat your water right to reduce the associated health risks and maintain healthy living at home.

Let’s look at some of the common drinking water contaminants in detail.

12 Types Of Drinking Water Contaminants  

Lead (Blocks Cognitive Ability)

Lead - Drinking Water Contaminant

The global terror of lead-infected water reaching your glass can be blamed on various reasons, from its origin to your home plumbing. 

Lead is reportedly the most common waterborne metal claimed by the WHO (World Health Organization). 

This invisible water contaminant can irreparably damage your nervous system and is even deadlier for a pregnant woman. 

From causing you anemia to harming your child’s cognitive abilities in the fetus, the presence of lead in water can make your life a living hell.

There are certain models of PUR and Brita faucet water filter that helps remove this water contaminant.

Check them out here.

Bacteria, Virus & Cyst (Bearer of Epidemic and Outbreaks)

Are you often falling prey to unknown fever or sudden sickness? 

Let your glass of water get tested and you will be disgusted with the result. 

Yes, it’s true that even after a rigorous filtration in the water treatment plants, the water supplied to your home can cause diarrhea, typhoid, and cholera.

These deadly viruses and cysts like E. coli, Giardia, and Salmonella have a fair chance of getting transmitted if your home plumbing system is lacking proper cleaning and maintenance. 

These types of contaminants in water can be treated by installing a microbiological water purifier.

Check out the NSF-approved microbiological water purifiers here

Arsenic (A Lethal Cancer Agent)

If your drinking water smells metallic, it’s a ringing alarm about the presence of arsenic and other heavy metals. 

Chances of such risks amplify further if you belong to an industrial hub or are directly sourcing water from the underground.

Safeguard yourself and your loved ones from the risks of cancer and deadly skin infections by installing an NSF-certified under the sink water filter.

Visit the NSF website for detailed insights on how these featured faucet filters can efficiently block arsenic and other contaminants.

Chloramine (Toxic Disinfectant)

Formed by combining chlorine and ammonia, this strong bleaching agent can change the beneficial chemical structure of your drinking water. 

Chloramine produces similar disinfection by-products including trihalomethanes that increase the risks of developing cancer.

The presence of such contaminants in water is listed in the category of VOC (volatile organic chemical) responsible for weakening your immunity, causing respiratory syndrome, digestive disorder, hemolytic anemia, and gastric cancer. 

Also if you have lead or copper piping, then chloramine contaminated water can trigger a chemical reaction.

There is only one NSF-approved model of PUR faucet water filter (PUR FM2700G) that removes this drinking water contaminant.

Chlorine (Carcinogenic Disinfectant)

Chlorine (Carcinogenic Disinfectant)

Mostly used as a water disinfectant, this chemical can make your drinking water taste and smell really bad.

Chlorine produces carcinogenic by-products during the water filtration process. 

To block this chemical from entering your system, install a top-notch faucet water filter to secure your health.

Overexposure to this bleaching agent can cause incurable ailments like bladder and rectal cancer, burning sensation in the throat, and vomiting. 

People consuming heavily chlorinated water have higher chances of developing cancer and pulmonary disorder.

Check out the NSF-approved water faucet filter models that remove this common water contaminant here

Coliform (Unknown Fever and Infections)

The transmission of Coliform bacteria in your glass is often caused due to poor sanitation in the locality. 

If you are tested positive with urinary tract infections and diarrhea, then chances of Coliform traces are alarming in your drinking water.

Occurs in the colons and feces of all mammals including you, these microbes can lead to serious infections if not treated on time. 

The deadly infusion of these pathogens into your domestic water system can lead to nausea, body aches, and severe diarrhea.

Coliform in water can be treated by installing a microbiological water purifier. 

Check out the NSF-approved microbiological water purifiers here.

Fluoride (Detrimental for Bone and Teeth)

Another disinfectant that is beneficial for your dental and skeletal health if added to a permissible limit. 

While its excess usage in treating the water has a complete reverse impact that severely damages every enamel

In the worst cases, death has also been reported.

This type of contaminant in drinking water causes bone stiffness, joint pains, tainted tooth, thyroid, and liver damage. 

Fluoride is mainly a water-borne agent which is naturally found in the groundwater and also through sewage and pesticides contamination.

This contaminant in drinking water can only be removed by reverse osmosis filtration. Here are some of the approved models you can consider buying if you find that your water contains excess fluoride.

Total Trihalomethanes (TTHM) (Hazardous By-Products of Disinfectants)

Are you confident that the water supplied to your home is 100% purified?

Think twice, as research proves that the excess uses of chlorine and chloramine can lead to the rise of carcinogenic Trihalomethanes or TTHM, a by-product in heavily chlorinated water.

The higher concentration of these by-products in your drinking water can affect tissue solubility, causing oxygen tension and disrupts metabolism. 

In fact, long-term exposure to such fatal chemicals can make you vulnerable to cancer, kidney, and neurological disorders.

TTHM can be treated in multiple ways, you can either install a water filter for faucet, water pitcher with filtration system, under the sink filters, or reverse osmosis filtration systems.

Hexavalent Chromium (Carcinogenic Contaminant)

Hexavalent Chromium (Carcinogenic Contaminant)

Also known as Chromium 6, any trace of this chemical in the water consumed by you can make you seriously ill. 

An alarming report published by the National Toxicology Program reveals that Chromium 6 can cause malignant tumors.

Chromium contamination can occur either naturally or by humans. 

If you are located in or near an industrial area or dumping ground, the chances of such toxication are higher. 

To prevent chromium poisoning, you can consider installing NSF-approved water pitcher filters at home.

Nitrate or Nitrite (Threat to Infant Health)

This underground contaminant often enters your system if you are drinking directly from the private wells. 

Though nitrate or nitrite may not possess any serious health threats to you but can be fatal for your newborn and toddler.

If you reside near any farm or agricultural location, you must consider the best water filter for your home rather than relying on traditional purifying methods. 

The excess level of nitrate in drinking water can cause life-threatening methemoglobinemia or blue baby syndrome in infants.

This contaminant in drinking water can only be removed by reverse osmosis filtration. Here are some of the approved models you can consider buying.

PFOA/PFOS (Made By Humans Against Humans)

Your awareness can save you from life-threatening water pollutants popularly known as PFOA/PFOs. 

These man-made contaminants are adversely impacting our health and the environment.

These synthetic compounds are widely used as industrial agents for various purposes. 

The waste when releases into the river, severely toxifies the water that becomes hard to treat even in the treatment centers. 

Any traces of such compounds in your drinking water can cause birth defects, autoimmune diseases, neurological disorders, and a wide range of other ailments.

Install under the sink filters or reverse osmosis filtration system approved by NSF & ANSI to remove this drinking water contaminant.

Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) (Reasons Behind Sudden Sickness)

The increasing level of carbon footprint due to fuel burning and evaporation of various pesticides and herbicides lead to the formation of VOCs. 

The commonly found VOCs are chloroform, MTBE (methyl tertiary-butyl ether), PCE (perchloroethylene), and TCE (trichloroethylene).

Most of these compounds are highly soluble and easily contaminates groundwater. 

Ignorance over time can bring detrimental health threats like cancer, nausea, and visual disorders.

But thankfully you can reduce the risks by installing any NSF-certified faucet filter at your home. 

If you do not want to install a water faucet filter, these contaminants can also be removed by a water pitcher with filtration system, under the sink filters, or reverse osmosis filtration systems.

Final Thoughts

Not all drinking water contaminants are harmful to our body but the ones listed above are. 

Some of the water contaminants like Arsenic, Chlorine, Chloramine, TTHM are more dangerous to the human body and may lead to cancer. 

As we have discussed above, different filtration system removes different types of contaminants in your drinking water. 

So, before you decide to install a water filtration system in your home, get your water tested by the authorized body to understand the type of contaminants you are dealing with. 

Once you have a full understanding go ahead and buy the one that is suitable for your home. 

And remember that this is a must-have kitchen item for healthy living at home. 

We hope that this article helped you understand the types of diseases associated with exposure to contaminants in the water supply. 

Further Reading:

NSF – Water Contaminant Reduction Claims Guide
CDC – Water Disinfection With Chlorine & Chloramine
WHO – Chlorine In Drinking Water, Fluoride In Drinking Water, Trihalomethanes In Drinking Water, Chromium In Drinking Water
WQA – Water Treatment for Dummies, Quick Facts on PFOA & PFOS
NIH – Hexavalent Chromium in Drinking Water
PSEP – Nitrate Health Effects In Drinking Water

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